Quantifying the risk of occupational factors such as chemical substances is essential to protect human health at workplaces. Hence, the use of the best methodology for risk assessment and derivation of dose-response relationships (DRR) is a scientific challenge. There is much experience in risk assessment among OSH-professionals. Joint research by PEROSH institutes offers a great chance to share know-how, resources and money.
The DRR project aims to collaborate on the derivation of dose-response relationships for relevant chemical substances in OSH. Knowledge transfer on risk assessment methodologies will improve the derivation of DRR’s and will be applied to a series of new chemical substances chosen by the project members.
All PEROSH institutions can make suggestions for specific, relevant chemical substances for DRR derivation, the collaboration for each substance is optional.
The DRR working group develops a consensus method paper on the derivation of scientific based dose-response relationships (DRR) for chemicals. The members of the working group want to bring together expert knowledge and want to offer recommendations for a systematic approach for this derivation.
The systematic identification and evaluation of toxicological and epidemiological studies are essential steps for this approach. So it can be very helpful to have a list of important sources and databases for identifying studies. Additionally, checking sources for finding existing risk assessment documents or scientific criteria documents for specific chemicals can provide useful information and safe time.
The following lists are draft collections on relevant sources for searching studies and criteria documents on DRR’s. A further list is about literature on DRR methodology.
SCOEL und RAC (EU login needed)
Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limit Values
Chemical Safety Information from Intergovernmental Organizations
The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances
GESTIS – Scientific criteria documents
European Chemicals Agency
Documents of the MAK Commission
Health Council of the Netherlands
Toxicology Data Network. See IRIS and ITER
US Environmental Protection Agency. Integrated Risk Information System
US National Toxicology Program: Reports on Carcinogens (RoC)
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals
Concise International Chemical Assessment Document
Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances
US Medical literaturs database
ECETOC Technical Report No. 104: Framework for the Integration of Human and Animal Data in Chemical Risk Assessment. Brussels 2009
Klimisch HJ, Andreae M, Tillmann U. 1997. A systematic approach for evaluating the quality of experimental toxicological and ecotoxicological data. Regulat Toxicol Pharmacol 25:1-5.
ECHA (2012). Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment. Chapter R.8: Characterisation of dose [concentration]-response for human health. Version 2.1, November 2012. European Chemicals Agency, Helsinki.
EFSA 2017. Guidance: Update: use of the benchmark dose approach in risk assessment. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). EFSA Journal 2017; 15(1):4658.
Lavelle KS, Robert Schnatter A, Travis KZ, Swaen GM, Pallapies D, Money C, Priem P, Vrijhof H. Framework for integrating human and animal data in chemical risk assessment. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012 Mar;62(2):302-12.
Money CD, Tomenson JA, Penman MG, Boogaard PJ, Jeffrey Lewis R. A systematic approach for evaluating and scoring human data. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2013 Jul;66(2):241-7.
Pronk M.E.J.: Overview of methodologies for the derivation of Occupational Exposure Limits for non-threshold carcinogens in the EU. RIVM Letter report 2014-0153. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. The Netherlands 2014
SCOEL (2013): Methodology for the Derivation of Occupational Exposure Limits. Key Documentation (version 7) June 2013. Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits (SCOEL)
SCOEL (2017): Methodology for derivation of occupational exposure limits of chemical agents
Whaley P, Halsall C, Ågerstrand M, Aiassa E, Benford D, Bilotta G, Coggon D, Collins C, Dempsey C, Duarte-Davidson R, FitzGerald R, Galay-Burgos M, Gee D, Hoffmann S, Lam J, Lasserson T, Levy L, Lipworth S, Ross SM, Martin O, Meads C, Meyer-Baron M, Miller J, Pease C, Rooney A, Sapiets A, Stewart G, Taylor D. Implementing systematic review techniques in chemical risk assessment: Challenges, opportunities and recommendations. Environ Int. 2015 Dec 10. pii: S0160-4120(15)30086-6.
AFSSET (2010). Méthode de construction de valeurs toxicologiques de référence (VTR) pour les substances chimiques cancérogènes. Rapport d’expertise collective. Saisine n°2004/AS16. Mars 2010. Agence française de sécurité sanitaire de l’environnement et du travail, Maisons-Alfort Cedex
INRS (2016). Valeurs limites d´exposition pour la prevention des risques chimiques
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA). TRGS 910 “Risk-related concept of measures for activities involving carcinogenic hazardous substances”
Health Council (2012). Guideline for the calculation of risk values for carcinogenic compounds. Publication no. 2012/16E, October 2012. Health Council of the Netherlands, The Hague